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C00002 00002 People, Degrees and Courses
C00006 00003 Statement of Purpose.
C00016 00005 Statement of Purpose
People, Degrees and Courses
Principal Advisor- Prof. Bernard Roth
Others on Committee
Prof. John McCarthy
Prof. Jerome Feldman
Prof. David Thompson
Proposed Title for Deg. Ph. D. in Automation
Special field of investigation- Automated manufacturing systems
Tentative title of dissertation- A totally automated system for the design and
manufacture of sheet metal parts.
B.S. Aeronautics and Astronautics, Mass. Inst. of Tech. June 1963
M.S. Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, June 1965
Diploma of Engineering-Fluid Dynamics, Von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Rhode St. Genese, Belgium- July 1967
Engineer- Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, June 1969
Courses completed as a graduate student-(At Stanford Univ. unless noted)
Fluid Mechanics- Propulsion
AA280B Rocket Propulsion 2Q
AA280C Rocket Propulsion 2Q
AA282 Nuclear Propulsion 3Q
AA281 Electric Propulsion 3Q
ME138A Fluid Flow 3Q
ME238A Continum Fluid Mech. 3Q
AA220 Aerodynamic Physical Measurements 3Q
Fluidics -VKI- 3Q
Low Speed Aerodynamics- VKI 3Q
ME231A Heat Transmission 3Q
ME231B Heat Transmission 3Q
ME233 Adv. Thermodynamics 2B
Engr. 235 Satellite Syst. Eng. 6Q
EE373 Adaptive Systems 3Q
ME291 Engineering Problems 6Q - Solar Energy Systems Studies under Dr. William Bollay
ME217A Analytical Design 3Q
ME 116 a,b,c- Product Design 9Q
ME112a,b- Product Design- 6Q
ART 155B Design Problems 3Q
Mechanics and Dynamics
ME222 Kinematic Synthesis
EM202A Elasticity 3Q
EM221N Dynamics 3Q
EM222N Dynamics 3Q
ME218A Control Systems 3Q
EE128 Control Systems 3Q
EE171H Control Systems Lab. 3Q
ME228 Fluidics 3Q
Control Systems- VKI- 3Q
EM 250 Mathematical Methods 3Q
EM 251 Mathematical Methods 3Q
Seminars during several quarters
Engineers Deg. Thesis title: Design of a Computer Controlled Manipulator
Diploma Paper-VKI-" Pulsed and Oscillating Flow Thrust Augmenting Ejectors"
Bachelors Deg. thesis- M.I.T.- Design of a Fully Submerged Foil Hydrofoil Boat
Completed several other short courses, including Fortran and Algol Programming.
Engineering problem work with Profs. B. Roth, A. London, R. McKim and W. Bollay on
Proposed Course Program
One course in Industrial Engineering
One course in Advanced Programing
Statement of Purpose.
The dissertation topic I have chosen- The Automated Sheet
Metal Shop- will require the use of facilities and capabilities of
various departments. Specifically, the topic will involve the
development of both new software and new hardware systems and an in
integrated management and control system to perform the proper
functions in a industrially and commercially realistic manner. My
sponsoring committee has been chosen from the fields which I think I
will draw most heavily from during the development and execution of
this dissertation. The initial phase will be a project planning
phase, involving a systems engineering approach with interaction with
industrial organizations. Part of this phase will also involve
obtaining sufficient funds and other material resources to enable
execution of the later hardware phases.
The software development section of the project will utilizee
many of the resources of the Artificial Intelligence project. The
design phase of the project will involve use of the A.I. project's
interactive graphics capability. Existing software and display
terminals will be used. New planning programs will have to be
developed, These programs will draw heavily on both current
industrial practice, and on new guidelines which will be developed as
the project progresses. These guidelines will be based on the
availability and use of multiple machines rather than single machine
oriented industrial planning programs.
Much of the operator feedback, during the design and planning
phase of the problem will come from data and performance
specifications obtained and developed from mechanical engineering,
manufacturing and control engineering considerations. This phase
will rely heavily on the engineering departments associated with the
The hardware development phase of the dissertation will make
use of both previous experience in the field of computer controlled
manipulators and machines and also draw heavily on the Mechanical
Engineering and Electrical Engineering Departments for their
capabilities and resources in the area of machine design and control
of these machines.
Statement of Purpose
The area of study which I have chosen- Automation- is
basically an interdisciplinary field. At present there is no one
department at Stanford which provides more than one or two courses in
My dissertation topic - The Automated Sheet Metal Shop- is a
logical extension of both my academic pursuits and my professional
experience in the fields of automation engineering and design of
computer controlled manipulators and devices. The topic I have
proposed involves research, design, and actual development, in both
software and hardware of a complete operational system.
I have carefully studied the scope of this project, and feel
that to successfully execute the project in a reasonable period of
time will require both a close working relationship with my chosen
committee, and the use of a large number of University resources.
The members of my committee have been selected with the objective of
having a respected "consultant" in each of the major study areas.
The project will physically be located at the Stanford
Artificial Intelligence Laboratory which has the required computer
facilities. The laboratory also has the displays, computer controlled
manipulators, and supporting software and hardware to make a project
of this type a realistic goal at Stanford.
It is hoped that the results of this research will help to
map out new directions in automation, and that new theoretical (as
well as practical) knowledge in the areas of design, manufacturing,
and man-machine systems will result. Potentially, the theoretical
results of this work can also be used by various professionals
engaged in other creative design fields such as art, architecture
and, consumer design.
Statement of Purpose
The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate in detail
the machine operations and the human planning and interaction
involved in the prototype fabrication of parts and assemblies. The
results will used to develop a model of the complete manufacturing
process so that a computer representation will be sufficiently
complete to act as a design and manufacturing consultant, planner and
executor of the manufacturing tasks required to produce a part which
has been interactively designed by a person not very familiar with
the basic principles of fabrication.
The goals of this dissertation, the modelling of
manufacturing processes which have enough variables in them to make
the solution obtainable only by adaptive and iterative techniques has
wide ranging implications. Current automation involves precise
location, accurately defined operations, and a high degree of
uniformity of material, parts and machines to reduce the number of
variables to a manageable level. The price of this "hard" automation
is high in terms of initial capital investment, lack of customization
and personalization and the importance of large production
quantities. On the other hand, the models I propose to develop will
be prototypes of what can be called "soft" automation. This is
automation based on adaptive machines and operations, and interactive
planning tailored to each particular item or operation as necessary.
The advantages would show up in the form of lower capital investment
appropriated for each particular product, facilitated customization,
and reduced inventories due to an independence of the production
quantity on the product cost.
The dissertation will be dedicated to the generation of a
realistic model of a complete sequence of manufacturing operations
using basic machines and soft automation principles in the form of
overall computer control and planning, and the use of computer
controlled manipulators and similar devices. The correctness and
usefullness of this model would be demonstrated by a computer
simulation of the complete process. Any significant hardware
demonstration would be incidental to the thesis, and would have to
wait until the computer simulation is global enough to justify such a
The sheet metal shop has been chosen because it is a
manufacturing area where a large amount of manual manipulation of
flexible, elastic and plastic materials and the iterative approach to
many of the forming operations has ment that very little true
automation has been implemented. These same types of operations are
also characteristic of the fabric and garment industry and of the
construction industry to name just a few other examples.
The facilities at Stanford University are excellent for the
execution of a dissertation of this sort. The required computer,
display and hardware facilities already exist at the Stanford
Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. In addition, most of whatever
hardware might be necessary for the demonstration phase of the
dissertation already exists in the form of several computer
controlled manipulators and the existing interfaces for other
machines or devices.
The area of study- Automation- is basically an
interdisciplinary field involving effort and consideration in
disciplines in science, engineering, humanities, and business.
Systems Engineering-Proposal, State of the Art Research, Feasability
Studies, Cost and Effort Planning, Funding.
Human Factors Engineering-Man-Machine Interface. Design Philosophy
Computer Graphics- Display Routines, Interactive Planning and
Product Design- Development of guidelines and models of building
block sheet metal parts and components.
Machine Design- Design and development of computer controlled and/or
Robot Factors Engineering-A new engineering disipline involving
Robot-Machine Interface Problems, Robot
Task planning,Design of machines to be
controlled and operated by robots and
Control Systems Engineering- R and D and Design of computer control
of machines and robots. Sensors and feedback devices and
Manufacturing Operations- Time, Motion, and Cost studies of sheet
metal fabrication. Sequence of operations. Estimation rules
and operational sequence planning and program development.
Programming- Development of new display, planning, interactive
design, machine-robot, sensing, and control routines.
Electrical Engineering and Logic Design- Planning and development of
computer-machine and computer-robot interface.
Prof. B. Roth- Industrial automation, design process ,machine design,
manufacturing processes, product design.
Prof. J. McCarthy- Conceptualization, imagination, allied fields
implications, programming philosophy,A.I.
Prof. J. Feldman- Display techniques, Programming guidance,
Computer-Machine and Robot-Machine
interfacing and programming.
Prof. D. Thompson- Human factors, robot factors, graphics and display
methods and approaches. Planning and weighting
of component sub-systems development.